Here you can take a walk at low tide along the seabed, ride horses on the flowering moorland, go on a journey in the footsteps of the Pied Piper of Hameln, see the monuments of the Weser Renaissance, and also stroll through the royal gardens of the Baroque era in Hannover – the capital of the German federal state of Lower Saxony ( Niedersachsen).
Lower Saxony is the second largest federal state in Germany after Bavaria. Large area – a wide variety of attractions. Many Germans love Lower Saxony because of the seaside resorts North Sea and the East Frisian Islands. The local coastal shallow water – wadden sea – Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Lüneburg Heath – a well-preserved natural landscape in the triangle between Hamburg, Hanover and Wolfsburg. It is especially beautiful during heather flowering in August-September. At this time, the region is visited by about 5 million tourists. It was declared a nature reserve in 1921. A special breed of sheep (Lüneburger Heidschnucke) is also bred here, whose meat is considered a regional delicacy.
From the wasteland to the capital of the federal state. The main architectural symbol of Hannover is the New Town Hall. This large representative building was erected at the beginning of the 20th century in the style of historicism (eclecticism) outside the Old Town. At the same time, a vast park was laid out around it. The dome can be reached by a unique elevator that first moves vertically and then at an angle of 17 degrees.
Lower Saxony is a real paradise for those who love to travel by bike. One of the popular tourist cycling routes is laid along the Weser River – 500 kilometers to the place where it flows into the North Sea. The most famous cities on this river are Hameln, Bremen and Bremerhaven. Among the architectural sights, monuments in the style of the so-called Weser Renaissance occupy a special place.
Pied Piper City
One of the centers of the Weser Renaissance is Hameln. Among the attractions of this period is the House of Wedding Celebrations on the main town square. Here, more than seven centuries ago, the events that formed the basis of the legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin took place. With the help of his magic pipe, he rid the city of the invasion of rats, and then, without receiving money, he took away all the children from here.
In the Lower Saxon city Goslar there is one of the oldest mines in the world – Rammelsberg, where silver, gold, copper and other metals have been mined for more than a thousand years. Now it is a museum and is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The same status was given to the local Old Town. During the reign of representatives of the Salian dynasty and the Hohenstaufen family, Goslar was called the “Northern Rome”.
Two more Lower Saxon UNESCO World Heritage Sites are located in the city Hildesheim: the church of St. Michael, consecrated in 1022 and nicknamed the “Castle in Heaven”, as well as the Romanesque Cathedral of the Assumption of St. Mary with one of the oldest episcopal sees in Germany. Here is the symbol of the city – “The Millennium Rose”.
Lower Saxony has a long tradition of horse breeding. It is no coincidence that the coat of arms of this federal state depicts a white horse. Here is the only court riding school in Germany. It is located in the 17th century Bückeburg castle. The princely stables contain more than two dozen horses of all surviving breeds used for dressage in the Baroque era.
The headquarters of the German concern Volkswagen is located in Lower Saxony. The city of Wolfsburg was founded in 1938 specifically for the workers of an automobile factory. For tourists at the beginning of the new millennium, the so-called Avtograd was built here – a kind of amusement park, a museum of automotive history and a laboratory for the future. About 2.3 million people visit it every year.
The territory of the current region of Kalkrize is considered the likely site of the battle in Teutoburg Forest. During this battle in 9 AD. Germanic tribes, led by the leader of the Cherusci Arminius, defeated the 20,000th Roman army. This led to the liberation of Germany from the rule of the Roman Empire. Now a museum is open here and a festival is held.