The export of millions of tons of grain from Ukraine on ships is hardly possible, experts at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW) are sure. For export of 20 million tons of grain stored in Ukraine about 570 ships would need to be shipped from last year’s harvest, they calculated. “Now grain harvesting is starting again, for which storage is urgently needed, so other transport options, such as trains and trucks, must be fully utilized,” Vincent Stamer, head of IfW’s Kiel Trade Indicator, said on Friday, August 5.

Export of Ukrainian grain across the Black Sea began on August 1

July 22 in Istanbul an agreement with the Russian Federation and Ukraine through the mediation of the UN and Turkey, the purpose of which is to end the blockade of Ukrainian ports. It is assumed that exports will be carried out from three Ukrainian ports – Odessa, Chernomorsk and Yuzhny. The day after the conclusion of the deal, on July 23, the port of Odessa was subjected to rocket fire from the Russian side.

On August 1, the first cargo ship with Ukrainian grain left the port of Odessa, two days later it was checked in Istanbul and headed for Lebanon. On August 5, the Turkish Ministry of Defense reported that three more ships with Ukrainian grain went to sea – dry cargo ships Polarnet and Rojen stationed in Chornomorsk headed, respectively, to Karasu (Turkey) and British Teesport, and Navistar left the port of Odessa with corn intended for landings in Ireland. In total, there are more than 58,000 tons of corn on board these ships.

More than 20 million tons of last year’s harvest are still waiting to be exported, according to Ukrainian authorities. It became impossible due to the blockade of Ukrainian Black Sea ports as a result of Russian invasion of Ukraine.

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