After almost a year ago, NATO troops were withdrawn from Afghanistan, Germany promised to take in a total of 23,614 former Afghan employees of the structures of the North Atlantic Alliance and their families. So far, 17,556 people have entered the country, the vast majority of them being family members of Afghan employees. About this on Sunday, August 6, writes newspaper Welt am Sonntag, citing data from the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF).

According to published information, excluding their family members, the number of Afghan translators and other employees of the Bundeswehr and NATO structures who received permission to enter Germany is 5141 people. 3756 of them are already in Germany.

Compared to other European countries, Germany has received significantly more Afghans, writes Welt am Sonntag. For example, 10,100 Afghans who worked in British structures and their families entered the UK, the publication reports, citing information from the British embassy in Germany. The Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs has so far issued 1,218 “limited territorial validity” visas to Afghan citizens, and 278 people have arrived in the country as part of humanitarian corridors.

Learn lessons for the future

At the beginning of July, the Bundestag commission set up to investigations on Afghanistan. It should shed light on the events of the summer of 2021. The question of the fate of those Afghan employees who are still waiting for the opportunity to leave for Germany must also be resolved. In addition, the German parliament has set up a commission whose task is to conduct a thorough analysis of the feasibility of an almost 20-year-old Bundeswehr missions in the Hindu Kush and, based on the results of this expertise, draw lessons for the future for other international operations.

Bundeswehr left the territory Afghanistan in June 2021 – following the decision of the US and NATO to withdraw their contingent from this country – and earlier than originally planned. In August, the radical Islamic Taliban came to power in Kabul. They met virtually no resistance from the Afghan armed forces, to whose training the Bundeswehr also contributed. Germany then took part in an international operation to evacuate civilians from Afghanistan. In the chaos and panic that arose due to the cancellation of regular flights at the airport of the Afghan capital in the second half of August, when many people tried to leave the country, several dozen people died.

Many Afghans who once worked in NATO structures, who were unable to leave their homeland, fear for their livesbecause the Islamists can take revenge on them. Human rights activists have criticized the fact that people who are considered traitors in radical Afghan circles were not evacuated from the country before the Taliban regained power there.

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