US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken held telephone conversations with Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan on the aggravation of the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh. This was announced by the press service of the US State Department on Friday, August 5.

AT conversation with Aliyev Blinken “called for de-escalation and direct dialogue between Azerbaijan and Armenia to resolve issues related to or arising from the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.” AT conversation with Pashinyan The United States Secretary of State assured the Armenian Prime Minister that Washington was “closely following the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh,” and also called on the parties to engage in direct dialogue, the US Foreign Office said.

Resumption of hostilities in Nagorno-Karabakh

Armenian-Azerbaijani the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh escalated On August 3, when in the area of ​​the Lachin corridor linking Armenia and the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic fighting started.

On that day, the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry stated that on the morning of August 3, as a result of shelling in the Lachin region by “members of illegal Armenian armed groups” an Azerbaijani soldier was killed. In response, Azerbaijani forces launched Operation Retribution, under which “the heights of Girkhgyz, Sarybaba and a number of other important dominant heights along the Karabakh ridge of the Lesser Caucasus mountain range were taken under control,” the military department said.

Mutual accusations of violating the ceasefire agreement

Baku and Yerevan accused each other of violating the provisions of the trilateral agreement on ceasefire in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone. The Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry stated that the military-political leadership of Armenia “still has not ensured the withdrawal of illegal Armenian armed formations from the territory of a neighboring state.” In response, the Armenian Foreign Ministry pointed out that Azerbaijan “continues a pre-planned policy of intimidation of the population of Nagorno-Karabakh, its ethnic cleansing and” creeping occupation “of the unrecognized republic.

The EU authorities called on the parties to the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh to immediately cease hostilities and resume negotiations.

Aggravation of the conflict in 2020

The conflict between Yerevan and Baku escalated in the summer of 2020. From September 27 to November 9, Armenia and Azerbaijan were at war over Nagorno-Karabakh, a region populated predominantly by Armenians. As a result, Azerbaijan returned a significant part of the region under its control. With the mediation of Russia, Yerevan and Baku signed an agreement on a truce, and Russian peacekeepers were brought to the line of demarcation. However, tensions in the region persist.

unrecognized republic

Nagorno-Karabakh unilaterally declared independence from Azerbaijan after the collapse of the USSR. No country recognizes the independence of the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The negotiation process, aimed at finding a peaceful solution to the conflict, is being conducted under the auspices of the OSCE Minsk Group, co-chaired by Russia, France and the United States.

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