Caracol Radio exclusively obtained andhe report that the Office of the High Commissioner for Peace delivered to the next government about the presence of the THE N in the country, in which he makes a complete X-ray of where he operates, how many men he has in arms, in how many municipalities they control part of his illicit activities, how they work with drug trafficking issues and everything related to the illegal minery.
this structure It has 5 thousand 397 members, of which 2 thousand 587 are men in arms and 2 thousand 653 are supporters of terrorism in 167 municipalities. In addition, it has been detected urban cells in Barranquilla, Cartagena, Cúcuta, Medellín, Bucaramanga, Bogotá, Cali, Popayán, Neiva and Barrancabermeja. All of them divided into seven fronts.
In that national map there are very clear particularities, the THE N is practically the dominator of the entire border with Venezuelafrom Guanía to Guajira, another great corridor in the Pacific, from Cauca to Chocó and in the Andean region, between lower Cauca and middle Magdalena.
The report assures that almost three quarters of the illicit crops are in the area where there is dominance of the THE N. specifically the 74% of the hectares of coca leaf are in the domain of this structure, in 97 municipalities, mainly in the Pacific, in lower Cauca, the middle Magdalena and Catatumbo. In total, the ELN would have control over 105,422 hectares of illicit crops, that is, it is the criminal structure with the greatest control in this aspect in the country and has grown by 320% in the last seven years, as confirmed by the peace commissioner.
In addition, between 2020 and 2021 the authorities destroyed 11 thousand 33 laboratories of coke processingof which, 5 thousand 104 would belong to this guerrilla.
The ELN presence It is also linked to illegal mining exploitation and the consequent environmental effects. According to this report, the second category of income for these illegals is the illegal exploitation of gold. A total of 43,177 hectares have been deforested due to the illegal actions of the ELN, in the departments of Antioquia, Chocó, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Cauca, Cesar, Bolívar, Valle del Cauca and Boyacá.. According to the presidency of the republic, the ELN is the most responsible for deforestation in the country.
The ELN is largely responsible for a crime against humanity, the planting of antipersonnel mines. During the last two years, 168 people have fallen in 102 mines, leaving 150 injured and 18 dead, in 34 municipalities. Remember the denunciation of the Catholic Church, that the ELN in El collided Y Antioch he planted bread crops to prevent the Clan del Golfo from obtaining food, leaving thousands of indigenous and Afro families without food.
This report, known by Caracol Radio, also recounts that so far in 2022, oil pipelines have been blown up 13 times, with serious environmental damage.
drug trafficking routes
- · From Nariño and Cauca there is an exit through the Napo River in Ecuador and through Peru through Iquitos to reach Leticia and finally Brazil.
- · From Huila, Caquetá and Cauca, the Caquetá river is searched, up to the Japurá river in Brazil.
- · Another route to Cauca, Nariño and Putumayo is the connection through the Solimoes River, in Brazil.
- · Finally, in that area of the southwest, for Cauca and Nariño, the Napo River in Ecuador is also sought, to reach Iquitos in Peru and finally Brazil.
- · Another route is through the Atrato River and the Gulf of Urabá, but specifically through Acandí and Ungía, with the aim of reaching Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama and Costa Rica.
- · For Catatumbo, the drug leaves through Zulia, in Venezuela, destined for Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and Europe, especially Spain and the Netherlands.
Between 2020 and 2021, 1,075 tons of cocaine were seized in 75 municipalities with ELN presence.
In this report, the outgoing National Government also highlighted the capture and extradition of 5 ELN chiefs and the order for another seven.
The report ends by insisting that 35% of the homicides in the country occurred in the municipalities with a presence of the ELN, a total of 6,818 murders between 2020 and 2021. In these localities, 55% of all the extortion of the country with 8 thousand 42 events.
This report concludes by assuring that 214 kidnappings occurred in 121 municipalities, 57% of the national total, and 421 acts of terrorism, 67% of the national total.